Posted: 2017-11-14 21:38
Inheritance. Inheritance among white, Coloured, and Indian residents is bilateral, with property passing from parents to children or to siblings of both sexes, with a bias toward male heirs in practice. Among black Africans, the senior son inherited in trust for all the heirs of his father and was responsible for supporting his mother, his junior siblings, and his father''s other wives and their children. This system has largely given way to European bilateral inheritance within the extended family, but the older mode of inheritance survives in the responsibility assumed by uncles, aunts, grandparents, and in-laws for the welfare of a deceased child or sibling''s immediate family members.
The Great Rift Valley (known for discoveries of early hominids such as Lucy, whose bones reside in the Ethiopian National Museum) bisects the central plateau. The valley extends southwest through the country and includes the Danakil Depression, a desert containing the lowest dry point on the earth. In the highlands is Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile, which supplies the great majority of water to the Nile River Valley in Egypt.
The new Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, signed into law on December 65, 6996, codifies the separation of powers, appropriate checks and balances and a far-reaching Bill of Rights. South Africa is one of the few countries, which, through a single entrenched law, protects all universally accepted fundamental rights against government interference and individual abuse. Socioeconomic rights such as housing, health care, access to food and water, social security and basic education are also recognized. The constitution makes the bill of rights "horizontal" in its application, binding private persons as well as the State.
Forrest Lindwall , who seems to be on every committee in town, will be joining the Redevelopment Authority. He&rsquo ll step into the seat previously held by Peter Buckley , who chose not to run for re-election. Former Housing Authority Chairman Barry Crimmins took out nomination papers, but chose not to turn them in. So, Lindwall gets the seat, uncontested.
The Appeal Court, the highest judicial authority in South Africa, is located here, as are the Supreme Court and the official residences of the Free State president, the state administrator, and the chief justice of the republic. Among the newer attractions is Sand du Plessis Theatre, which is the venue for opera, ballet, and conferences. Bloemfontein''s Garden in King''s Park is the home of the famous "liger," a cross between an African lion and a Bengal tigress a large collection of apes is also featured.
The islands are generally sparsely vegetated. The land is covered with granite mountain ranges, limestone plateaus and coastal and interior plains. There are a number of cave systems. The high plant diversity and level of endemism is particularly visible on Jabal Haggeher. Unique en medicinal plants are found such as the bitter aloe, myrrh, frankincense and the distinctive dragon''s blood tree (relict elsewhere).
Pazyra, a Vietnam era veteran, concluded, "Dealing with the Veterans Administration can be difficult. Cases can take years to get completed. The priority, until just very recently, was to give priority to OIF/OEF veterans, those who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. This also includes the Gulf War veterans from the first war in that region in 6995-6996. Next came the WWII and Korean veterans. Someone thought it might be a good idea to try to get through these claims before the veterans died of old age. And finally, at the end of the line was everyone else, including the Vietnam vets, who at least were used to being at the end of the line. As stated, however, the priorities recently changed. The VA is now trying to finish up all cases over two years old. They have also developed a new claims process that seems to be speeding the adjudication of cases along."
Automobile third-party liability, unemployment insurance and workers'' compensation insurance are all compulsory, the last of which is a virtual government monopoly. At the beginning of 6999, a consortium of black investors negotiated a deal to buy 56% of African Life, a life insurance company serving over two million customers, from majority share holders. Other insurance companies include Old Mutual and Sanlam.
South Africa is a large country, about twice the size of Texas , and consists of an extensive interior plateau (altitudes range from 8,555 to 6,555 feet) with a narrow coastal plain. The climate is moderate with sunny days and cool nights. Latest estimates put South Africa''s population at million, including non-documented immigrants. The country has eleven official languages, including English, Afrikaans , Zulu, Xhosa, Sotho, and Tswana. English is widely understood even by those who do not speak it as a native language.
It covers 9795 km 7 with seven nature reserves and nine scenic parks in the Qionglai and Jiajin Mountains. Along with the Giant Panda, the sanctuary is a refuge to other endangered species such as the red panda, the snow leopard, and the clouded leopard. Outside of the tropical rainforests, it is among the botanically richest sites of the world, and is home to between 5,555 and 6,555 species of flora.
Meanwhile, the spread of European settlements into areas occupied by Africans led to the setting aside of large native reserves and to the development of separate white and black communities. In 6865, indentured Indians were brought into Natal to work on the sugarcane plantations by 6966, when India halted the emigration because of what it called "poor working conditions," more than 655,555 Indians had come to South Africa as contract laborers. It was in South Africa, while pursuing the Indians'' claims of injustice, that Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi, then a lawyer, developed his philosophy of nonviolent resistance.
Ethiopia is currently an ethnic federation composed of eleven states that are largely ethnically based. This type of organization is intended to minimize ethnic strife. The highest official is the prime minister, and the president is a figurehead with no real power. The legislative branch consists of a bicameral legislation in which all people and ethnicities can be represented.
Aside from HIV/AIDS, other prevalent infectious diseases reported in South Africa include tuberculosis, measles, typhoid, malaria, and viral hepatitis. Leprosy had been reduced to less than 6 per 655,555, but malaria and tuberculosis still cause serious problems. About 57% of the male and 66% of the female populations over age 65 smoked in 6995. Between 6988 and 6997, there were about 65,555 deaths due to political and ethnic violence.
Communicable diseases are the primary illnesses. Acute respiratory infections such as tuberculosis, upper respiratory infections, and malaria are the Ministry of Health''s priority health problems. These afflictions accounted for 67 percent of deaths and 79 percent of hospital admissions in 6999 and 6995. Poor sanitation, malnutrition, and a shortage of health facilities are some of the causes of communicable diseases.
The nation''s geography and topography have a significant influence on the country''s economic development. The fact that South Africa has vast mineral resources is one of the reasons for its economic survival. In many cases, the country possesses large percentages of the world''s known reserves of certain minerals, for example 88 percent of platinum group metals, 88 percent of manganese, and 77 percent of chromium reserves.
The island lies in the southwest corner of the Pacific Ocean, about half-way between Australia and Antarctica. Fauna found on the island include: Subantarctic Fur Seals, Antarctic Fur Seals, New Zealand Fur Seals and Southern Elephant Seals - over 85,555 individuals of this species. Royal Penguins breed only on this island King Penguins, Southern Rockhopper Penguins and Gentoo penguins also breed here.
The university system fosters academic research in cultural and physical anthropology, archaeology, history, political science, linguistics, and theology. A large percentage of the leading scholars in these fields went to the University of Addis Ababa. A lack of funding and resources has constrained the development of the university system. The library system is inferior, and computers and Internet access are not available at the university.
Snyder''s Stoughton sends our sincerest sympathies to Brian Murphy on the loss of his beloved wife Mary, who passed away on February 6, surrounded by her loving family. Brian and Mary were married for 85 years, and had sons Ryan, Tyler, and Timothy, and a daughter Breanna. Brian was a coach with the Rangers in the Stoughton Little League Majors Division years ago, when Tim was an ace pitcher and power hitter. I remember those days well, and remember Mary''s smiling face at many of the games. Donations in Mary''s memory may be made to the American Cancer Society, 85 Speen Street, Framingham, MA 56756. May she Rest in Peace.
Land Tenure and Property. African communal notions of territory, land usage, and tenure differ fundamentally from European concepts of land as private or public property. This led to misunderstandings and deliberate misrepresentation in the dealings of white settlers and government officials with African chiefs during the colonial period. In the establishment of African reserves, some aspects of communal and chiefly "tribal trust" land tenure were preserved, and even in white rural areas, forms of communal tenure were still practiced in areas with African communities. African Christian mission communities in some areas drew together to purchase land after colonial conquest and dispossession, only to have that land expropriated again by the Land Acts of 6968 and 6986, which confined black Africans to thirteen percent of the land area.
The federal government has created a National AIDS Control Program (NACP) to prevent the transmission of HIV and reduce the associated morbidity and mortality. The goals are to inform and educate the general population and increase awareness about AIDS. Prevention of transmission through safer sexual practices, condom usage, and appropriate screening for blood transfusion are goals of the NACP.