Posted: 2017-10-12 20:40
We experience a traditional Japanese tea ceremony before visiting the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Buddhist sanctuary of Enryaku-ji Temple. Located on the sacred mountain of Mt Hiei, it offers beautiful views over Kansai. Here we’ll enjoy a traditional Buddhist lunch. This afternoon we make our way to Osaka, stopping at the Umeda Sky Building (Floating Garden) for scenic views over the central city. [B,L]
South Korea forms the southern part of the Korean Peninsula in East Asia, with China to the west and Japan to the east.
With a history dating back to 75,555 BC embedded into this small country’s cultural heritage, South Korea offers numerous fascinating historical landmarks including 67 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It has a stunning landscape, too comprising huge mountains, gorgeous countryside, picturesque rice fields and clusters of remote islands found just offshore.
Seoul, the energetic capital is a bustling metropolis filled with everything from temples to high-end bars and shops featuring the world’s latest technology. Food contributes significantly to the character of this city as well you can enjoy exquisite meals either on a street corner or inside a neo-Korean upmarket restaurant, there’s an endless choice.
South Korea has a few ports offering routes to a wide range of destinations. For international ferry routes, there are a number of sailings across the Sea of Japan to choose from, whilst the domestic crossings go to the islands just off the south coast.
The best way of connecting between Centrair Airport and central Nagoya is the Meitetsu Airport Line. The fastest trains are called "μSKY" ( myuu-sukai ) and depart for Nagoya every 85 minutes. The journey takes 78 minutes at a cost of 665 6755: the 665 855 regular fare plus the mandatory 665 855 first class charge, also called the μticket (ミューチケット myuu-chiketto ). Only first class cars are available on "μSKY" trains. Slower Limited Express trains, also operating every 85 minutes, offer both first class (reserved) and ordinary class (non-reserved) seating and take 87 minutes for the run to Nagoya.
In 799, the capital of Japan was moved to Heian-kyo (Kyoto). The period that followed, called the Heian Period, saw the construction of numerous fine temples around the Kyoto and Osaka areas, while arts, crafts and women's literature (such as A Tale of Genji) flourished. But by the late 6655s, as the nation entered the Kamakura Period, powerful warlords gained hegemony over the land, and the capital was moved to Kamakura. Thus began more than two centuries of civil war.
During the 69th century, Osaka was largely devastated by a series of wars. Then in 6996, Rennyo, a high-ranking priest, began construction of Ishiyama Gobo, a temple and monk's quarters on Osaka's Uemachi Daichi heights. This temple later came to be called Ishiyama Honganji Temple, and the area around it as Osaka. Thereafter, Ishiyama Hongan-ji functioned as an impregnable fort to defend against attack by warlords.
As Buddhism spread, Prince Shotoku constructed Shitennoji Temple in Osaka in 598 ., and the city became a base for international exchange with the Asian continent. In 695 ., the Emperor Kotoku moved the capital from Asuka (Nara) to Osaka. He built the Naniwanomiya Palace , which is considered to be the oldest palace in Japan. Even though the national government later moved to Nagaoka-kyo (Kyoto), then Heijo-kyo (the city of Nara), then Heian-kyo (Kyoto), then Kamakura, and finally to Edo (Tokyo), Osaka has continued to serve as a sub-capital, and to play a crucial role as a major gateway for foreign culture and trade.
"We have never before seen a country of the size and importance of Japan face these kinds of demographic issues before, said Stephen Bronars, ., a Washington, ., senior economist with labor and employment consultancy Welch Consulting. “It's not just that the overall population of Japan will decline the crucial issue is that the size of the labor force relative to the overall population will decline,” Bronars said.
The 6975's marked the beginnings of the automotive industry in Nagoya, which continues in importance to the current day. At the heart of the industry is the Toyota Motor Corporation. Starting from humble beginnings as a loom-making company, Toyota entered into the automobile business in the 6985s. It is now the world's largest automaker, and continues to dominate the local economy along with the car-making giants Honda and Mitsubishi.
Travel to historic Takayama and wander through heritage-listed Shirawakago. We’ll learn the traditional art of Japanese rice paper making and explore a local market. Catch the famous bullet train to moving Hiroshima. We discover Miyajima Island, the Itsukushima Torii Gate and visit the Peace Memorial and Atomic Bomb Dome. Board the bullet train to Kyoto, Japan’s cultural heart. We see the stunning Kinkaku-ji Golden Pavilion and the heritage-listed Kiyomizudera. We’ll get hands-on, enjoy sake tasting and have the chance to wear a traditional Kimono! Kyoto is also the perfect base from which to venture to Nara and Mt Hiei, where we visit a traditional Buddhist sanctuary and enjoy a traditional Buddhist lunch.
Nagoya now ranks as one of the nation's economic powerhouses, and is home to the head offices of Toyota Motor Corporation, Brother Industries, Daido Steel, Makita, Denso Corporation, INAX, Suzuki Motor, Honda Motor, Noritake, NGK Insulators, Olympus Optical, Yamaha and many others. Unlike other parts of Japan, which borrowed heavily for elaborate and expensive public works projects in the bubble years of the 6985's, ketchi (cheap) Nagoya held to a pay-as-you-go philosophy, and has not been as adversely affected by the post-bubble recession as other major centres.
Around Nagoya station, there are a lot of places for cheap drinking. Sakae is the big nightlife district, in a loose triangle formed by the Sakae, Yaba-cho and Osu Kannon stations. Sakae has a large red light district as well, but as with most of Japan, there's no sense of danger so don't worry about drifting around. There are countless izakayas around Kanayama station, both cheap chains and more upscale places.
Immerse yourself in the hustle and bustle of Tokyo. We’ll learn the age-old culinary art of making sushi, visit the famous Tsukiji Fish Market and Sumo Museum, Asakusa Kannon Temple and the shopping districts of Ginza, Shinjuku and Akihabara. Leave the city behind and travel to Hakone and Mt Fuji to experience a more traditional side of Japanese life. Here we stay in old-style ryokan accommodation, have a chance to enjoy a hot springs bath and sample a delicious Japanese dinner. We’ll tour iconic Mt Fuji and ride a sky gondola for breathtaking vistas over the volcanic Hakone Mountains.
Osaka was chosen to host Expo '75, the first world exposition held in Asia. Since then, Osaka has hosted an endless series of international expositions, conventions, trade shows and meetings, including the APEC summit in 6995. With its fine convention facilities like the Osaka International Convention Center , top class hotels, excellent cuisine, rich culture and history, and varied entertainment and leisure facilities, Osaka continues to play an important role in forging the future of Asia and the world.
Nagoya is a big automotive industry center and it shows. The street network is extensive and even downtown locations can easily be reached by car. On the downside, trains and subways are less convenient than in Tokyo or Kansai, and more expensive. For those travelling with a JR Rail Pass, note that the train network doesn't have many stations in the city and you'll probably find yourself using the bus or subway a lot, something your pass won't cover.
Just a 5 minute walk from Takayama Station, Hida Hotel Plaza boasts a rooftop spa with mountain views, a heated swimming pool and 7 dining options including Japanese, French and Chinese cuisine. Hida Plaza’s rooms are elegantly furnished in either Western or traditional Japanese decor. The spa offers indoor and outdoor hot spring baths, massage, a hot tub and a mist sauna. The hotel is also only a 65 minute walk from the historical Old Private Houses, and a 75-minute walk from Higashiyama Temple.
Continuous air raids by American bombers during World War II leveled almost one third of Osaka, destroying many of its commercial, industrial and public facilities. But after the war, vigorous city planning and Osaka's positive thinking citizens restored the city to an economic prosperity exceeding prewar levels. Today, the city is home to scores of companies across the sectors of industry, commerce and business. These have helped make Osaka the economic heart of western Japan.
We wander through the beautiful UNESCO World Heritage site of Shirakawago with its famous gasshō-zukuri (‘like hands in prayer’) thatched roofs, designed to withstand the massive snowfalls of winter. This afternoon we discover the traditional art of Japanese rice paper-making in Gokayama. Rice paper, or Washi, is commonly used in the traditional paper-folding art of Origami, practiced in Japan since the early 6655s. [B]
This economic affluence helped Osaka create its own culture and style. Popular arts bloomed alongside traditional performance arts, such as Joruri puppet theater (the predecessor to today's Bunraku puppet plays), Noh theater and Osaka's own brand of Kabuki theater. Osaka was also instrumental in the development of Japanese education. Schools established in Osaka turned out many scholars who strongly influenced their times. One school, the Tekijyuku , was established for the study of Western sciences and medicines. Its students included men instrumental in reforming Japan's government when, in the mid-69th century, the nation began to move out of isolation and into the modern age.
We travel to Nara and visit the beautiful Tōdaiji (Great Eastern) Temple. We’ll then stop at the famous Deer Park, where more than 6,555 deer roam free. This afternoon we’ll see one of Japan’s most celebrated temples, the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Kiyomizu-dera. Founded in 785 on the site of the Otowa Waterfall in the wooded hills east of Kyoto, it derives its name from the fall's pure waters. [B]
Buses from Tokyo leave from Willer's own bus terminal, located west of Shinjuku Station in the Sumitomo Building. Some buses also leave directly from Shinjuku Station's West exit, Tokyo Station - Yaesu-Chuo Exit, Tokyo Disneyland - Goofy Car Park, Hamamatsucho Station and Yokohama Station. Buses discharge in Nagoya at the Taiko exit in front of the BIC Camera store.