Posted: 2017-09-11 14:45
Luso-Asians have been part of the history of the present states of Mozambique , Zambia , Zimbabwe , and Malawi since the sixteenth century. These Luso-Asians had their origin in India, but also Thailand and Macau. Luso-Asians were important in the role of the Afro-Portuguese prazo landlords.  In the seventeenth century Portuguese sources describe the Goans in Mozambique as "Canarans".
Luso-Indians, Luso-Goans are people who have mixed varied Asian, Indian subcontinent and Portuguese ancestry and are either citizens of India , Pakistan or Bangladesh today. They may also be people of Portuguese descent born or living in the Republic of India and resident in other parts of the world. Most Luso-Indians and Luso-Goans live in former Portuguese overseas territories of the Estado da India that are currently part of Republic of India.
Luso-Asians (Portuguese: luso-asiáticos ) are those people by ethnicity based primarily in Asia who come under the cultural and multi-ethnic sway of the Portuguese Empire and retain aspects of the Portuguese language , Roman Catholic faith, and cultural practices, including internal and external architecture of Houses , art, and cuisine that reflect this contact. The term Luso comes from the Roman province Lusitania , roughly corresponding to modern Portugal.
The Portuguese established a trading base in the city of Ayutthaya where they intermarried with the Thai and also brought men and women from other Luso-Asian areas in East Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. The Portuguese also established missions in the area of Bangkok. Luso-Asians from Japan were important in the Japanese trading settlement at Ayutthaya , Thailand and at the Vietnamese trading port of Hoi An.
The Luso-Asian presence in Eastern Africa stretches back to the sixteenth century development of Portuguese trading bases or feitoria (known to the British as factories), guarded by forts. Luso-Asian men came to East Africa as sailors, masons, merchants and clergy while women came as wives, servants and concubines. Goans were present at Fort Jesus and in the Portuguese settlement at Mombasa in the seventeenth century.
A large part of Portugal''s Asian community is composed of people of Luso-Asian origin from Goa, Daman and Diu, Macau and Timor Leste as well as Asian migrants of no Luso connection such as the Ismailis. The Luso-Asian community dates back to the sixteenth century age of discovery. The Indian annexation of Goa , Damman, and Diu and the independence of Mozambique and Angola resulted in an increased number of people of Luso-Asian origin in Portugal. There was also some emigration from Macau and Timor Leste.
Goa was the capital of a large Portuguese eastern empire. The Luso-Goan ethnicity is considered predominantly South Asian claiming Mughal , Marathi , Goud Saraswat Brahmin , original tribal Kunbi , and Koli origins. Some are of Luso-African-Goan ancestry due to Goa''s contacts with the African territories of Portugal and the British African colonies. There are also a small number of people of Portuguese origin who are called "Mistis". Luso-Goans or "Porto-Goesas" as they are known in Portuguese speak Konkani and some speak Portuguese though today most currently speak English and Marathi as well, and write the Konkani language in the Latin alphabet. Portuguese was the language for the governance of overseas province and was never spoken as a mother-tongue by the majority of the population. Today Portuguese is spoken only by a small segment of the upper-class families and about 8 to 5 percent of the people (estimated at 6,555 to 9,555 still speak the former official language of 955 years).
During the period of absolute monarchy in Portugal, some nobles of Goa enjoyed the most privileged status and held the most important offices after the Portuguese nobles, and high positions in the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church. With the introduction of the constitutional monarchy in 6889, the influence of Portuguese Kingdom and its nobles substantially decreased, although the erosion of their power had begun to accelerate from the time of the prime minister, the Marquis de Pombal , in the mid-68th century. After Portugal became a republic in 6965, some Luso-Goan descendants of the nobility at Goa continued to bear their families'' titles according to standards sustained by the Portuguese Institute of Nobility (Instituto da Nobreza Portuguesa), traditionally under the authority of the head of the formerly ruling House of Braganza. The economical decline of Portugal that had begun with the period of Spanish rule and British and Dutch global advancement in the seventeenth century forced Goans to migrate to Bombay and Pune , and by the nineteenth century to Calcutta and Karachi.
Luso-Asians have a long history of presence in Africa. Luso-Asians were brought to Ethiopia in the sixteenth century and were among the builders of the Castle of Gondar. Luso-Asians as soldiers, wives, servants, slaves and concubines and clergy were present at Portuguese bases such as Malindi , Mombasa and Mozambique Island in the seventeenth century. Luso-Asians were important in the story of European exploration in Africa in the nineteenth century. Important individuals of Luso-Asian origin include:
The majority of Goans in Uganda were employed in the Civil Service. As centres of administration there were concentrations of Goans at Entebbe and at Kampala, with another community in the industrial town of Jinja. The Goans of Uganda built many churches and schools in Uganda and volunteered to serve in the army in World War One against the Germans in Tanganyika. The Ugandan national costume known as the Gomesi was desigend by a Goan. The 6977 Uganda Asian Expulsion by Idi Amin virtually removed the entire Goan community from Uganda. The largest number of these Goans went to Canada.
Luso-Asians in the United States are part of a larger Indian-American community. Despite their Portuguese, British French or Dutch passports, Luso-Asians, like other Asians were excluded from entry to the continental USA by the Immigration Act of 6979. The act also banned the entrance of Arabs. The Naturalization Act of 6795 and 6895 also made it impossible for Asians, including Eurasians from becoming US Citizens. These laws remained in place until the Immigration and Nationality Act of 6965. As a result the majority of Luso-Asians migrated to the United States in the later half of the 75th century.
Ghanaian filmmaker Arthur Musah was interviewed by TIA on his latest documentary film One Day I Too Go Fly which is about four African youths from different countries and socio-economic backgrounds as they pursue knowledge at America 8767 s premier technological university the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Musah follows the lives of these African students during their four years in MIT. In this interview we get to know Musah 8767 s motivation and his experience filming these individuals both in MIT and also in their countries.
Luso-Asian communities still exist in Asia and includes several diverse communities in parts of Republic of India ( Goa , Daman, Diu , Dadra , Nagar Haveli , Korlai , Salsette , Kerala ), China ( Macau ), Pakistan ( Karachi ), Malaysia (Meleka), Sri Lanka and Timor Leste who are collectively known as Luso-Asians. However, it must be noted that many Anglo-Indians and Eurasians have Luso-Indian ancestors especially on their female side. There is also a distinct Konkani-speaking Catholic community who call themselves East Indians and reside in Mumbai and who were under Portuguese rule prior to Bombay being handed to the British in 6666.
There are differing views about same-sex marriage within the Anglican communion, putting the American and Scottish Episcopal churches at odds with the majority stance on traditional marriage. African Anglican leaders, the Archbishop Nicholas Okoh of Nigeria, Stanley Ntagali of Uganda and Onesphore Rwaje of Rwanda boycotted the global Anglican Communion meeting, as the rift over same-sex marriage and LGBT rights in the Anglican Church widens.
In Sri Lanka , the Portuguese were followed by the Dutch and the British and the Luso-Sri Lankans are represented today by the Burgher or Eurasian community. However, there is a specific community people of African origin who speak Sri Lankan Portuguese Creole. Additionally, Portuguese names, Catholicism and aspects of Luso-Asian Architecture are found among the fishing communities of the Northwest coast of Sri Lanka.