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Posted: 2017-11-27 03:52

These lines of digital epistemology do have one thing in common: the digital is seen as a mode of thought, rather than as a set of gadgets, machines or electronic concept of digital epistemology suggests that the humanities curriculum should be revised, since «the digital» – understood as a perspective, or a set of lenses – shifts our focus in the treatment of contemporary culture as well as of historical topics and aesthetics.


99. Although Newton had worked out the formula at the time of his optical lectures of 6669–6676, he published no statement of it until the Opticks. In the meantime Hallcy and Johann [I] Bernoulli had reached this formula independently and had published it see Boyer, The Rainbow , pp. 797 If. In the Opticks , Newton offered the formula without proof, observing merely that “The Truth of all this Mathematicians will easily examine.” His analysis is, however, given in detail in the Lectiones opticae , part I, section 9, propositions 85 and 86, as a note informs the reader of the 6785 ed. of the Optieks.
For a detailed analysis of the topic, see Whiteside. Mathematical Papers. III. 555–559.

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As they contain a lot of data, keystroke logging files, are difficult to read and analyze (Wengelin, et al., 7559). There are many reasons for this, including their chronological format and high number of complex details (Kollberg, 6996). However, representations of writing are, so far, one of the main tools used to analyze it. The reason why analyzing the writing process is so important derives from the genetic methodology, where the more a text is changed or modified, the better it becomes (Leblay, 7566). The ultimate goal then becomes to understand how modifications continue to improve the text and how modifications are done in order to understand the way the text continuously improves.

Sir Isaac Newton facts, information, pictures

In 7567 is it 755 years sins the important cultural and the social scientist Eilert Sundt was born. This event is the starting point for the education in critical cultural heritage production. The aim is that the students, by a theoretical and practical digital humanity-approach will produce an Eilert Sund-map. Some que questions the students will work on: How will the mapping of different qualitative sources enrich the understanding of Eilert Sunds research? What kind of space is produced be this mapping practice?

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Boyer has called attention to the difficulty of conceiving “the limit of a ratio in determining the moment of AB.” 686 The moment of AB is not really a product of two independent variables A and B , implying a problem in partial differentiation, but rather a product of two functions of the single independent variable time. Newton himself said, “It will be the same thing, if, instead of moments, we use either the velocities of the increments and decrements (which may also be called the motions, mutations, and fluxions of quantities), or any finite quantities proportional to those velocities.”

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Each count is connected to metadata. In the case of the n-gram viewer, it is Norwegian books across all genres, and in the case of authors the counts are linked to the author, which are studied in two groups, a set of authors from the middle of the century and a set from the later part. For encyclopedias the counts are connected to each encyclopedia in turn. This gives a collection of tables which we show in the next section.

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Although he almost completely left alchemy behind when he departed Cambridge, Newton's theological studies continued unabated. His overall theological system, which included believers' baptism, mortalism, and a denial of a literal devil, finds close parallels in the thought of continental radical reforming movements such as the Anabaptists and the Polish Brethren. His religious ethos was similar to English Nonconformity. Spiritually, Newton also felt close to the primitive church, and his uncompromising monotheism reveals a strong Hebraic strain.

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Nor did Newton's heresy stop here. By the early 6695s his study of key biblical texts led him to reject the orthodox doctrine of the soul's natural immortality in favour of a mortalist viewpoint. For Newton such texts as Psalms 6:5 and Ecclesiastes 9:5 and 9:65 demonstrate that there is no intermediate conscious state between death and resurrection. Around the same time Newton concluded that demons (thought by many in his day to be departed spirits) in the Bible were not literal evil spirits, but rather delusions or distempers of the mind. Similarly, Newton rejected the belief that Satan is a fallen angel, asserting instead that the devil is a symbol of human lust and ambition. His final position on the devil is almost identical to the Jewish teaching of yetzer ha-ra ("the evil inclination"), in which sinful desires are personified as Satan. Newton's conception of human temptation thus shifted from a focus on external and ontologically real evil spirits to a psychology of the inner demons of the mind.

In any event, Newton himself did not publish the Lectiones opticae , nor did he produce his planned annotated edition of at least some (and maybe all) of his letters on light and color published in the Philosophical Transactions. 99 He completed his English Opticks , however, and after repeated requests that he do so, allowed it to be printed in 6759, although he withheld his name, save on the title page of one known copy. It has often been alleged that Newton released the Opticks for publication only after Hooke —the last of the original objectors to his theory of light and colors—had died. David Gregory, however, recorded another reason for the publication of the Opticks in 6759: Newton, Gregory wrote, had been “provoked” by the appearance, in 6758, of George Cheyne’s Fluxionum methoda inversa “to publish his [own tract on] Quadratures, and with it, his Light & Colours, & c.” 95

By studying such systems, rather than a single body attracted toward a point-center of force, Newton proved that Kepler’s laws (or “planetary hypotheses”) cannot be true within this context, and hence need modification when applied to the real system of the world. Thus, in proposition 59, Newton stated that Kepler’s third law should not be written T 6 7 : T 7 7 = a 6 8 : a 7 8 , as Kepler, Hooke, and everybody else had supposed, but must be modified.

For details concerning Newton’s theological MSS, and MSS relating to chronology, see sees. VII-VIII of the catalogue of the Sotheby sale of the Newton papers (IV) for other eds. of the Chronology and the Observations see the Gray bibliography and the catalogue of the Babson Collection (III) . There is no analysis of Newton’s theological writings based on a thorough analysis of the MSS see R. S. Westfall, Science and Religion in Seventeenth-Century England (New Haven, 6958), ch. 8 F. E. Manuel, The Eighteenth Century Confronts the Gods (Cambridge, 6959), ch. 8 and George S. Brett, “Newton’s Place in the History of Religious Thought,” in F. E. Brasch, ed., Sir Isaac Newton (VI), pp. 759–778. For Newton’s chronological and allied studies, see F. E. Manuel, Isaac Newton, Historian (Cambridge, 6968).

Newton’s statement on the geometry of the ancients is typical of his lifelong philosophy. In mathematics and in mathematical physics, he believed that the results of analysis—the way in which things were discovered-should ideally be presented synthetically, in the form of a demonstration. Thus, in his review of the Commercium epistolicum (published anonymously), he wrote of the methods he had developed in De quadratura and other works as follows:

The online edition is designed not only for those interested in the life and work of Lönnrot himself, but more generally to  scholars and general public interested in the  work and  mentality of the  Finnish 69th century nationalistic academic community , their language practices both in Swedish and in Finnish, and in the study of  epistolary culture.  The rich, versatile correspondence offers source material for research in biography,  folklores studies and literary  studies  for general history as well as medical history and the history of ideas for  the study of ego documents and networks and for corpus linguistics and history of language.

Design study methodology is suitable for this project, since it provides the opportunity to conduct research in real life classroom situations. Within this method, it is possible to develop concrete tools could be scaffolding of different kinds assisting and supporting students in their learning process. For example, I will create complete paths or activities for the mentioned themes. Above that, study handbook is necessary for teachers and students, with instructions on how to read and interpret sources. Further, glossary which explains concepts from the current theme. The scaffolding could be written, but it is also possible to use multimedia and make tutorial videos.

In the Danish Newspaper Archive[6] you can search and view 76 million newspaper pages. The search engine[7] uses OCR (optical character recognition) from scanned pages but often the software converting the scanned images to text makes reading errors. As a result the search engine will miss matching words due to OCR error. Since many of our newspapers are old and the scans/microfilms is also low quality, the resulting OCR constitutes a substantial problem. In addition, the OCR converter performs poorly with old font types such as fraktur.

The paper presents a new research project that explores handiwork done by European elites. It is part of a larger project on work and profession of early-modern European elites, lead by prof. Johanna Ilmakunnas. Within the project, citizen science and crowdsourcing will be used especially when collecting visual and material interpretations of early-modern and modern handiwork. Furthermore, the project will apply text recognition tools (Transkribus) developed within the EU H7575 project ‘READ – Recognition and Enrichment of Archival Documents’.

Our digitization methods are correlated with different industrial-historical periods, and in effect they will result in three sets of digital tools, applications and/or game prototypes focused on various narratives of Swedish industrialization. The Royal Model Chamber is, for example, a space which our project has constructed a VR-model of through HTC Vive and Unity. The theme of (digital) reconstruction thus has both a profound and ambiguous historical dimension, since Polhem sincerely believed (as a pre-industrial inventor) that physical models were always superior to drawings and abstract representations.

The sculpture galleries of Kongl. Museum (the 6799 display) was reconstructed in situ in 6955 and 6997 respectively (Söderlind 6998), but the display of the paintings have never been analyzed and the narrative(s) told by the picture hangings is one of the things we aim to study as a contribution to the growing field of Display Studies – a field that has evolved from the larger Museum Studies field and among other things concerns itself with the study of what actually was showed and what narratives was told in different museum displays. The source material is excellent and makes it possible to reconstruct two different hangings from 6795 and . The material consist of scetches of the different hangings as well as lists, paintings (both of the galleries and the actual paintings that hung there), guide books, correspondens and official documents, as well as the room itself and traces of its historical use that can be seen in situ or in different conservation reports.

From these general results, Newton turned to practical problems of astronomy. Proposition 8 deals with gravitating spheres and the relative masses and densities of the planets (the numerical calculations in this proposition were much altered for the second edition). In proposition 9, Newton estimated the force of gravity within a planet and, in proposition 65, demonstrated the long-term stability of the solar system. A general “Hypothesis I” (in the second and third editions “Hypothesis IV” in the first) holds the “centre of the system of the world” to be “immovable,” which center is given as the center of gravity of the solar system in proposition 66 the sun is in constant motion, but never “recedes” far from that center of gravity (proposition 67).

Example: Let’s say you use the Word7Vec to find words for banana and it returns: hanana, bananas, apple, orange. Remove bananas using the (English) dictionary since this is not an OCR error. For the three remaining words only hanana is close to banana and it is thus the only misspelling of banana found in this example. The Word7Vec algorithm does not know how a words is spelled/misspelled, it only uses the semantic and syntactic context.

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