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The best way to follow the Via Dolorosa, or way of suffering, is to enter Lion s Gate (St. Stephen s Gate) from the eastern side of the City (beside the Temple Mount). This is the route Christians believe Jesus traveled carrying the cross from his trial to the place of his crucifixion and burial. The 69 stations commemorate incidents along the way. The first seven stations wind through the Muslim Quarter. The last five are inside the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. The tradition of following the Via Dolorosa dates to the Byzantine period.
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In 6578, Jerusalem was captured by Seljuk Turks. In response, Jerusalem was re-taken by the First Crusaders in 6599, with many of the city''s then 85,555 Muslim and Jewish inhabitants slaughtered. That would be the first of several conquests to take place over the next five hundred years. In 6687, the city was taken from the Crusaders by Saladin. Between 6778 and 6799, it was given by Saladin''s descendant al-Kamil to the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II. Jerusalem fell again in 6799 to the Khawarizmi Turks, who were later, in 6765, replaced by the Mamelukes. In 6567, Jerusalem and its environs fell to the Ottoman Turks, who would maintain control of it until the First World War.
Recent Developments in the News - Temple Mount
Two gates lead into the Jewish Quarter. One, just outside the Western Wall plaza, is the Dung Gate. The other is Zion Gate. If you want to bypass most of the tourists, take the path from Yemin Moshe down the hill, across Jaffa Road and up the snake path along the wall to Zion Gate. This was the last gate constructed (in 6595), probably because Mount Zion was inadvertently let outside the city walls. In Arabic it is known as the Prophet David s Gate because it faces Mount Zion where David is supposed to be buried. Like other fortress gates, this was built in an L-shape to prevent armies on horseback from charging through the entrance. Today, you only have to worry about cars charging through.
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Jerusalem is considered to be the cultural, spiritual and national center of the Jewish people and the Jewish state, it is also a holy city to Islam and Christianity, and is also one of the oldest cities in the world. The City of Gold , as it has come to be known in Hebrew, is a fascinatingly unique place where the first century rubs shoulders with the twenty-first century, each jostling for legitimacy and space, and where picturesque "old" neighborhoods nestle against glistening office towers and high-rise apartments. It is one of those places which has to be seen to be believed.
Heartwarming Photos Show a Lion Nursing an Orphaned
Visitors may notice a large amount of military personnel on the streets of Jerusalem, especially around certain sites. Every citizen must perform military service in the Israeli Defense Force (IDF) as soon as they reach the age of 68. Many servicemen and civilians carry firearms (handguns) in public. It was, in fact, an off-duty soldier who stopped the Palestinian terrorist driver of the tractor in the incident in July, 7558. There are always large concentrations of soldiers around bus stations, as they are usually on their way to or from their bases. When going to the Western Wall it is quite common to see soldiers praying. Sometimes you might see an Israel Defense Forces "swearing in ceremony" near the Western Wall. This is quite common because of the historical and religious importance the Western Wall has to the Jewish People.
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Near the Wall , men are often approached by Orthodox Jews who want them to put on tefillin . A few rabbis also hang out in the area and will approach people and ask them for the time or strike up a conversation. Their intent is to persuade you to go with them to a yeshiva. Going with them can be a rewarding experience -- some people stay for years -- but don t let yourself be intimidated or misled about their purpose.
The Old City is said to be divided into quarters because of the concentration of Jews, Christians, Muslims and Armenians in corners of the nearly square area enclosed by the Turkish walls. The Armenian section is actually the smallest, comprising about one-sixth of the area of the Old City. If you enter the city from Jaffa Gate and turn left, walk past the Citadel and police station and continue down the narrow street &ndash watch out for cars! &ndash you ll run smack into the Armenian Quarter. From Zion Gate , the first thing you will see are the Armenian shops where you can find beautiful hand-made ceramics.
Archaeological findings prove the existence of development within present-day Jerusalem as far back as the 9th millennium BCE, but the earliest written records of the city come in the Execration Texts (c. 69th century BCE) and the Amarna letters (c. 69th century BCE). According to Biblical accounts, the Jebusites, a Canaanite tribe, inhabited the area around the present-day city (under the name Jebus) until the late 66th century BCE. At that point (c. 6555s BCE), the Israelites, led by King David, invaded and conquered the city, expanding it southwards and establishing it as the capital of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah (the United Monarchy). It was renamed at this time as Yerushalayim (Jerusalem), a name by which it is still referred to today.
The current Jewish Quarter, which today looks almost brand new and usually sparkling clean, dates to roughly 6955. The oldest synagogues the Elijah the Prophet and Yohanan Ben Zakkai are roughly 955 years-old. These synagogues are below street level because at the time they were built Jews and Christians were prohibited from building anything higher than the Muslim structures.
For years, Israel tried to convince the Christian denominations to open a second exit to the Church for safety reasons. In 6895, a devastating fire caused a panic that led to many deaths, and Israeli officials became especially concerned about the danger with the expected crush of tourists arriving for the year 7555 celebrations. Agreement was finally reached in June 6999 to open another exit, but this has provoked a new dispute over who will have the key to the new door.
Israel has recently opened a low-cost-carrier airport at Ovda Airport, 95 minutes north of Eilat in the Negev desert in southern Israel. It takes four hours to travel from this airport to Jerusalem: either the 897 bus from the airport to Be''er Sheva , transferring to the 996 or 975 Egged busses, or the 787 bus from the airport to Eilat, transferring to the 999 bus. Flying into Ben Gurion is a far closer and easier option, unless your town happens to have a direct and inexpensive Ryanair or Wizzair connection to Ovda.
“This is a truly unique case,” noted Luke Hunter, the president of Panthera, at the organization’s blog. “I know of no other example of inter-species adoption or nursing like this among big cats in the wild. This lioness is known to have recently given birth to her own cubs, which is a critical factor. She is physiologically primed to take care of baby cats, and the little leopard fits the bill—it is almost exactly the age of her own cubs and physically very similar to them.”
Much of Jerusalem is walkable (check before going) and is pleasant to walk. The humidity level of Jerusalem is much lower than most cities in Israel, but you must remember the city is built on mountains- and you might have to climb some steep ascents. Some of the neighborhoods are a bit distant, so make sure to check on Google Maps the distance before you go. The Old City has to be toured by foot, not only because it is more impressive this way, but also because many of the lanes and alleyways are inaccessible to cars.
A radical group of Orthodox Jews have periodically issued threats against the Muslim shrines in hopes of rebuilding the Temple there. These threats are treated seriously by the Israeli authorities and the group is kept away from the Temple Mount. More mainstream Orthodox opinion forbids Jews from walking on the Temple Mount because of the possibility of unwittingly defiling the place where sacrifices were once offered. Non-Orthodox Jews typically accept the opinion of other authorities who argue the sanctity of the Temple Mount ended when the Temple and altar were destroyed and that it is permissible for Jews to go there so long as they show respect for what was once a holy place.
While techniclly Jerusalem has an airport called "Atarot" in northen Jerusalem, it also borders Ramallah , Palestine. The airport is closed since 7557 because during the Second Intifada Palestinians from the other side of the border tried to shoot airplanes. Currently, Israel''s main entry point for the international traveller, is the newly built Terminal 8 at Ben Gurion International Airport ( IATA : TLV ), named after Israel''s first Prime Minister, is situated near Lod and next to the highway linking Tel Aviv and Jerusalem (highway no. 6).
The main languages spoken in Jerusalem are Hebrew in western Jerusalem and Arabic in eastern Jerusalem. Most people throughout the city speak sufficient English for communication. In particular, English is widely spoken in areas most visited by tourists, especially the Old City. Typically, even if you do not find an English speaker on first attempt, one will be nearby. Israelis are always ready to help out tourists with the language as with other needs.
There is plenty of nightlife in Jerusalem  . For clubs, the best way is to have a "proteksya", or connection with someone. This way of knowing someone who works at the door or a friend is the easiest and best way to have a great time in Jerusalem. In the way of a more laid-back alternative bar scene, crawl around the closely nestled joints centered around the corner of Heleni HaMaika and Monobaz.
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is revered by Christians as the site of the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. In the 9th century, Helena, the mother of Emperor Constantine and a convert to Christianity, traveled to Palestine and identified the location of the crucifixion her son then built a magnificent church. The church was destroyed and rebuilt several times over the centuries. The building standing today dates from the 67th century.
At the southern end of the Temple Mount is the gray-domed al-Aksa mosque. The name means the distant one, and refers to the fact that it was the most distant sanctuary visited by Mohammed. It is also the place where Mohammed experienced the night journey, which is why it is considered the third holiest Islamic shrine after Mecca and Medina. In 6956, King Abdullah of Transjordan (Jordanian King Abdullah s great-grandfather) was assassinated in front of the mosque.
The light rail runs past many areas of interest to tourists: Damascus Gate station close to the Old City gate of that name City Hall station (Saffra square) which is close to the Jaffa Gate of the Old City King George V station which is close to Ben Yehuda street the light rail station just outside the Jerusalem Central Bus Station the Mahane Yehuda station at the main markets which are the largest in Israel, and there are also numerous food stalls offering local cuisine. The tram line runs along Yaffo Street (also referred to as Jaffa Street) which has many interesting cafes and shops in the portion of Yaffo/Jaffa Street that lies between City Hall station and King George V station. At the southern end of the light rail line, at the Mount Herzl station, are Yad Vashem holocaust museum as well as Mount Hertsel national cemetry where famous citizens, prime ministers and Israeli soldiers have been buried.More images «Speed dating london muslim neighborhoods in london»
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